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Dallas Fed Recent Additions

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  • Permian Basin Economic Indicators

    Job growth has softened in the Permian Basin as drilling activity has slowed. The rig count has fallen, while oil output continues to rise.

    June 21, 2019

  • Texas Economy

    Texas Employment Forecast

    Incorporating May job growth of 2.1 percent and a moderate decrease in the leading index, the Texas Employment Forecast suggests jobs will grow 2.3 percent this year.

    June 21, 2019

  • Research Publications

    Southwest Economy

    The latest issue looks at Texas’ tight labor markets, booming industrial construction and Eleventh District bank performance.

    June 21, 2019

  • Southwest Economy, Second Quarter 2019

    Texas Facing Historically Tight Labor Markets, Constraining Growth

    Labor force expansion, once fueled by migration, has eased, and businesses report that they cannot find sufficient numbers of workers to expand—particularly for middle-skill positions.

    June 21, 2019

  • Southwest Economy, Second Quarter 2019

    Snapshot: Shale Breakevens Anchor Oil Prices

    The emergence of U.S. shale production seems to be playing a large role in anchoring long-term oil prices.

    June 21, 2019

  • U.S. Economic Data

    Market Value of U.S. Government Debt

    For many uses, market value more accurately represents the debt burden faced by the U.S. government than the par value. The par value of government debt, which is reported by the U.S. Treasury Department, reflects interest rates at the time the debt was issued while the market value is adjusted to reflect market interest rates as of the observed period.

    June 12, 2019

  • Energy Indicators

    In line with an eroding rig count, employment in support activities for mining fell in April. Oil prices slipped recently amid rising U.S. inventories and signs that global demand growth may slow.

    June 12, 2019

  • Austin Economic Indicators

    The Austin economy grew at a solid pace in April. The Austin Business-Cycle Index expanded and remained above its long-term trend.

    June 06, 2019

  • Has U.S. Monetary Policy Gone Off Track?

    The actions of the Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC) can be explained by the committee’s pursuit of full employment and price stability.

    June 06, 2019

  • Reports on Regional Economic Activity

    Eleventh District Beige Book

    Economic activity expanded moderately, although there were scattered signs of a deceleration in growth in early May. Home sales rose, and loan volumes continued to increase.

    June 05, 2019

  • U.S. Tax Cuts Boost Economy—but for How Long?

    Did the U.S. tax cuts boost economic activity in 2018? The answer is yes, at least according to the recent empirical literature on the macroeconomic effects of taxes.

    June 04, 2019

  • Southern New Mexico Economic Indicators

    New Mexico continues to post robust job gains, while Las Cruces payrolls are stagnant. The labor market is mixed in southern New Mexico.

    June 03, 2019

  • Globalization Institute Working Paper

    Monetary Policy Spillovers, Capital Controls and Exchange Rate Flexibility, and the Financial Channel of Exchange Rates

    This paper assesses the empirical validity of the trilemma (or impossible trinity) in the 2000s for a large sample of advanced and emerging market economies.

    May 31, 2019

  • Houston Economic Indicators

    Recent data for Houston were positive. These data suggest a healthy near-term outlook for the Houston region.

    May 31, 2019

  • Trimmed Mean PCE Inflation Rate

    Behind the Numbers: PCE Inflation Update, April 2019

    The headline, or all-items, PCE price index rose 3.8 percent at an annualized rate in April following a 2.5 percent annualized increase in March.

    May 31, 2019

  • U.S. Economy

    Trimmed Mean PCE Inflation Rate

    The Trimmed Mean PCE inflation rate for April was an annualized 2.9 percent. According to the BEA, the overall PCE inflation rate for April was 3.8 percent, annualized, while the inflation rate for PCE excluding food and energy was 3.0 percent.

    May 31, 2019

  • Globalization Institute Working Paper

    Equilibrium Real Exchange Rate Estimates Across Time and Space

    This paper suggests the use of a correlated random effects model for the panel estimation of equilibrium real exchange rates and misalignments.

    May 30, 2019

  • Room to Grow? Inflation and Labor Market Slack

    Compared with the usual ex-food-and-energy measure, the Dallas Fed’s Trimmed Mean PCE inflation rate sends a clearer, more reliable signal about whether cyclical inflation pressures are building.

    May 30, 2019

  • Texas Economy

    Texas Service Sector Activity Growth Weakens

    Texas service sector activity growth slowed in May, according to business executives responding to the Texas Service Sector Outlook Survey.

    May 29, 2019

  • Texas Economy

    Texas Manufacturing Outlook Survey

    Texas factory activity continued to expand in May, albeit at a slower pace, according to business executives responding to the Texas Manufacturing Outlook Survey.

    May 28, 2019

  • Which Core to Believe? Trimmed Mean Versus Ex-Food-and-Energy Inflation

    Twice since 2014, core personal consumption expenditures (PCE) inflation—inflation excluding food and energy—decelerated sharply, only to ultimately reverse course.

    May 28, 2019

  • El Paso Economic Indicators

    El Paso’s economy continues to expand. Jobs rose an annualized 1.1 percent in April. Despite the healthy labor market, population growth in El Paso has stalled.

    May 24, 2019

  • San Antonio Economic Indicators

    The San Antonio economy expanded at a moderate pace in April. The unemployment rate continued to decline, while the San Antonio Business-Cycle Index accelerated to its strongest pace since July 2016.

    May 23, 2019

  • Corporate Indebtedness: Improving Financial Stability Monitoring

    U.S. nonfinancial corporate credit has been identified as an area where growth in the quantity of debt and deterioration in the quality of underwriting could be a source of concern.

    May 23, 2019

  • Dallas-Fort Worth Economic Indicators

    Dallas–Fort Worth economic growth continued in April. Payroll employment rose in Dallas but contracted in Fort Worth. Unemployment fell to a 20-year low, and the Dallas and Fort Worth business-cycle indexes expanded further.

    May 22, 2019

  • Research Department Working Papers

    Valuation Risk Revalued

    The recent success of valuation risk in resolving asset pricing puzzles rests sensitively on an undesirable asymptote. After revising the preferences to remove the asymptote, valuation risk has a much smaller but still important role in a Bansal-Yaron long-run risk model.

    May 20, 2019

  • Texas Economic Indicators

    Texas economic indicators point to solid expansion in April. The state posted strong job growth and record-low unemployment, indicating that labor markets remain tight.

    May 20, 2019

  • Texas Economy

    Texas Employment Forecast

    Incorporating April job growth of 2.6 percent, a slight increase in Q4 2018 job growth due to the early benchmark revision and a fourth consecutive increase in the leading index, the Texas Employment.

    May 17, 2019

  • Research Department Working Papers

    Labor Market Effects of Credit Constraints: Evidence from a Natural Experiment

    We exploit the 1998 and 2003 constitutional amendment in Texas—allowing home equity loans and lines of credit for non-housing purposes—as natural experiments to estimate the effect of easier credit access on the labor market.

    May 16, 2019

  • Permian Basin Economic Indicators

    Recent data were mixed for the Permian Basin region in 2019. Job growth, Midland wages, housing permits and weekly oil prices softened.

    May 16, 2019

  • Dallas Fed’s Texas Jobs Estimates Provide Early, Accurate Assessment

    The Bureau of Labor Statistics annually revises regional job estimates in a process called benchmarking. A Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas adjustment provides researchers a more current means of assessing Texas economic conditions.

    May 16, 2019

  • Three Macroeconomic Factors to Watch in Equity Markets

    Machine learning has helped make music playlist recommendations, facilitated self-driving cars and even interpreted patients’ medical test results.

    May 14, 2019

  • Mexico Economic Update

    Mexico's Economy Contracts, but Outlook Holds Steady

    Mexico’s gross domestic product (GDP) fell an annualized 0.8 percent in first quarter 2019, after growing 1.0 percent in fourth quarter 2018.

    May 09, 2019

  • Texas Economy Rebounds from Year-End Slowdown, Grows at Moderate Pace

    Texas economic activity expanded moderately in the first quarter after downshifting markedly in November and December.

    May 09, 2019

  • Remarks for Hoover Institution Monetary Policy Conference

    In his remarks given on May 3, 2019, at “Strategies for Monetary Policy: A Policy Conference” hosted by the Hoover Institution, President Rob Kaplan discusses some of the potential issues raised by recent weakness in headline and core inflation measures.

    May 07, 2019

  • Energy Indicators

    While limited takeaway capacity drove Waha natural gas prices below zero in April, oil prices in West Texas continued to rise. The increase in crude prices was supported in part by lower output from OPEC nations and production declines related to sanctions on Iran and Venezuela.

    May 06, 2019

  • Research Department Working Papers

    Two Measures of Core Inflation: A Comparison

    Trimmed-mean Personal Consumption Expenditure (PCE) inflation is a less-biased real-time estimator of headline inflation than ex-food-and-energy PCE inflation and more successfully filters out headline inflation’s transitory variation.

    May 06, 2019

  • Globalization Institute Working Paper

    Adverse Selection, Lemons Shocks and Business Cycles

    This paper studies a dynamic economy featuring asymmetric information and resulting adverse selection in credit markets.

    May 03, 2019

  • Trimmed Mean PCE Inflation Rate

    Behind the Numbers: PCE Inflation Update, March 2019

    The headline, or all-items, PCE price index rose 2.4 percent at an annualized rate in March following a 1.3 percent annualized increase in February.

    May 03, 2019

  • Austin Economic Indicators

    The Austin economy grew slowly in the first quarter. Growth in the Austin Business-Cycle Index decreased slightly and continued to run below its long-term trend.

    May 03, 2019

  • El Paso Economic Indicators

    El Paso’s economy continues to expand, with jobs rising 2.1 percent year to date. March existing-home sales picked up from February but are below year-ago levels.

    April 30, 2019

  • Texas Economy

    Texas Service Sector Activity Accelerates Slightly

    Texas service sector activity continued to increase in April, albeit at a slower pace than last month, according to business executives responding to the Texas Service Sector Outlook Survey.

    April 30, 2019

  • Houston Economic Indicators

    Recent data for Houston are mixed, but they continue to paint a moderately positive outlook for the region.

    April 29, 2019

  • Texas Economy

    Texas Manufacturing Outlook Survey

    Texas factory activity continued to expand in April, according to business executives responding to the Texas Manufacturing Outlook Survey.

    April 29, 2019

  • Everyday Economics

    The Federal Reserve

    Alexander Hamilton's ideas and vision for central banking in the 1700s had a lasting impact. Watch a quick animated video to learn how the founding father’s 1st Bank of the United States resonated hundreds of years later in the Federal Reserve.

    April 26, 2019

  • San Antonio Economic Indicators

    The San Antonio economy expanded at a healthy pace in March. The unemployment rate declined to a multiyear low. The San Antonio Business-Cycle Index continued to expand at a rate above the long-term trend.

    April 25, 2019

  • Globalization Institute Working Paper

    Upstream, Downstream & Common Firm Shocks

    We develop a multi-sector DSGE model to calculate upstream and downstream industry exposure networks from U.S. input-output tables and test the relative importance of shocks from each direction by comparing these with estimated networks of firms’ equity return responses to one another.

    April 24, 2019

  • Dallas-Fort Worth Economic Indicators

    Dallas–Fort Worth economic growth continued to be healthy in March. Payroll employment in the first quarter expanded at its fastest rate in two and a half years.

    April 23, 2019

  • Texas Economic Indicators

    Texas economic indicators pointed to moderate expansion in March. Job growth outpaced its long-run average, and unemployment remained low.

    April 23, 2019

  • Global Perspectives: Mike Leavitt on Health Care Costs and Higher Education

    The U.S. health care system is uniquely innovative, but it is also arguably uniquely inefficient. Health outcomes in the U.S.—whether measured in terms of simple metrics such as life expectancy or more sophisticated ones such as quality-adjusted life years—do not seem commensurate with health care expenditures.

    April 23, 2019

  • Globalization Institute Working Paper

    Ties That Bind: Estimating the Natural Rate of Interest for Small Open Economies

    This paper estimates the natural interest rate for six small open economies (Australia, Canada, South Korea, Sweden, Switzerland and the U.K.) with a structural New Keynesian model using Bayesian techniques.

    April 19, 2019

  • Research Department Working Papers

    The Contribution of Jump Signs and Activity to Forecasting Stock Price Volatility

    We document the forecasting gains achieved by incorporating measures of signed, finite and infinite jumps in forecasting the volatility of equity prices, using high-frequency data from 2000 to 2016.

    April 19, 2019

  • Texas Economy

    Texas Employment Forecast

    Incorporating March job growth of 2.2 percent and a third consecutive increase in the leading index, the Texas Employment Forecast suggests jobs will grow 1.8 percent this year (December/December), with an 80 percent confidence band of 0.6 to 3.0 percent.

    April 19, 2019

  • Globalization Institute Working Paper

    Demographics and the Evolution of Global Imbalances

    Using a dynamic, multicountry model I quantify the effect of demographic changes on trade imbalances across 28 countries since 1970.

    April 19, 2019

  • Permian Basin Economic Indicators

    Permian Basin natural gas prices are starting to bounce back after falling to record lows in early April, and the number of drilled but uncompleted wells is rising.

    April 19, 2019

  • Globalization Institute Working Paper

    Capital Controls as Macro-prudential Policy in a Large Open Economy

    This paper re-examines the case for capital controls in a large open economy, where domestic financial constraints may bind following a large negative shock.

    April 19, 2019

  • Fed Listens Community Listening Session

    Speakers from nonprofits shared perspectives on economic conditions in South Dallas at a public event with Fed Vice Chairman Richard Clarida.

    April 18, 2019

  • Global Perspectives: Janet Yellen on Becoming an Economist, Being Fed Chair and Views on Fed Independence

    Janet Yellen holds a unique place in Federal Reserve history. It all began with a year as a humble Fed staff economist in 1977.

    April 18, 2019

  • Globalization Institute Working Paper

    Global Drivers of Gross and Net Capital Flows

    In this paper we jointly analyze global drivers of gross flows (outflows plus inflows) and net flows (outflows minus inflows) by estimating a latent factor model.

    April 17, 2019

  • Reports on Regional Economic Activity

    Eleventh District Beige Book

    Economic activity expanded moderately, with a pickup in demand seen in the housing and financial services sec-tors. Retail sales were flat, and growth in nonfinancial services slowed.

    April 17, 2019

  • Globalization Institute Working Paper

    Estimation of Impulse Response Functions When Shocks are Observed at a Higher Frequency than Outcome Variables

    This paper proposes mixed-frequency distributed-lag (MFDL) estimators of impulse response functions (IRFs) and uses the approach to estimate the daily pass-through of changes in crude oil prices observed at a daily frequency to U.S. gasoline consumer prices observed at a weekly frequency.

    April 16, 2019

  • Globalization Institute Working Paper

    Beyond the Doomsday Economics of “Proof-of-Work” in Cryptocurrencies

    This paper discusses the economics of how Bitcoin achieves data immutability, and thus payment finality, via costly computations, i.e., “proof-of-work.”

    April 16, 2019

  • Small Business Credit Survey

    This report presents national survey findings on business conditions, financial challenges and credit environment from the perspective of small business owners with employees.

    April 16, 2019

  • Online Retailing, Self-Employment Disrupt Inflation

    The employment status of increasing numbers of workers has become contingent in recent years—that is, there is greater freelance, or “gig,” employment. This development has coincided over the past two decades with an era of increasing online commerce that provides consumers a wider array of products and services at competitive prices.

    April 16, 2019

  • Globally Competitive Texas Exports Sensitive to U.S. Trade Policy

    Texas, the nation’s largest exporting state, enjoys a strong position in world trade. The state continues to see exports climb, and it exhibits a manufacturing edge in energy-related products and intermediate goods based on an index of comparative advantage.

    April 11, 2019

  • Energy Indicators

    Investor returns in the energy sector have lagged behind the broader market for some time. This has led to restraint in capital spending plans for 2019, which may be contributing to a lower rig count and a tepid outlook for employment growth this year.

    April 09, 2019

  • Modern Refineries, Shale Boom Upend Traditional Oil Price Relationships

    Different crude oils can sell for dramatically different prices with sometimes far-reaching effects on the energy industry—from impacts on oil producers’ production decisions to oil refineries’ profit margins.

    April 09, 2019

  • Mexico Economic Update

    Mexico's Output Growth Slows, Outlook Worsens

    Mexico’s economy grew an annualized 1.0 percent in fourth quarter 2018 after expanding a revised 2.4 percent in the third quarter.

    April 05, 2019

  • International Economic Data

    International House Price Database

    The international house price database comprises quarterly house price and personal disposable income (PDI) series for a number of countries.

    April 05, 2019

  • Austin Economic Indicators

    The Austin economy grew moderately in February. The Austin Business-Cycle Index expanded but remained below its long-term trend.

    April 05, 2019

  • Texas Economic Activity Stabilizes, but Slower Job Growth Is Ahead

    Output growth in Texas has stabilized after a relatively robust 2018. However, a tight labor market, slowing energy activity and weakening global demand will restrain Texas growth during 2019, an assessment consistent with the Dallas Fed’s outlook for the year.

    April 04, 2019

  • Globalization Institute Working Paper

    Negative Interest Rate Policy and the Influence of Macroeconomic News on Yields

    We consider the influence of domestic and U.S. macroeconomic news surprises on daily bond yields over the January 1999 to January 2018 period for four advanced Negative Interest Rate Policy economies.

    April 03, 2019

  • Globalization Institute Working Paper

    Estimating Impulse Response Functions When the Shock Series Is Observed

    We compare the finite sample performance of a variety of consistent approaches to estimating Impulse Response Functions (IRFs) in a linear setup when the shock of interest is observed.

    April 02, 2019

  • Houston Economic Indicators

    Houston job growth, leading and coincident indicators, and oil and fuel prices have improved over the past few months. Mining-related employment continued to grow, and bank lending expanded faster in the region than the nation.

    April 02, 2019

  • Risks Abound If China Uses Debt to Stimulate Economy from Current Downturn

    The Chinese economy is losing steam. As China considers how to work through its difficulties, its chances of success may depend on how it finances the debt it incurs while attempting to boost economic activity.

    April 02, 2019

  • Regional Economy

    Agricultural Survey

    Bankers responding to the first-quarter survey reported overall weaker conditions across most regions of the Eleventh District.

    April 01, 2019

  • El Paso Economic Indicators

    El Paso’s economy continues to expand. While employment contracted in February, jobs rose 1.2 percent year to date. Existing-home sales dipped, while median-home prices inched up in February.

    April 01, 2019

  • Trimmed Mean PCE Inflation Rate

    Behind the Numbers: PCE Inflation Update, January 2019

    The headline, or all-items, PCE price index declined 0.7 percent at an annualized rate in January following a 0.7 percent annualized increase a month earlier.

    March 29, 2019

  • The Office of Minority and Women Inclusion

    2018 Congressional Report

    This report details the Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas' 2018 performance related to the OMWI provisions of the Dodd–Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act.

    March 29, 2019

  • San Antonio Economic Indicators

    The San Antonio economy expanded at a stable rate in February. The unemployment rate declined, and the San Antonio Business-Cycle Index continued to expand, though at a rate slightly below the long-term trend.

    March 29, 2019

  • Global Perspectives: Greg Mankiw on Economic Advice, Climate Change and Trade

    Mankiw and Dallas Fed President Rob Kaplan discussed some of the things that economists don't understand about politicians (and that politicians don't understand about economists).

    March 28, 2019

  • Dallas-Fort Worth Economic Indicators

    Dallas–Fort Worth economic growth continued in February, with payroll employment expanding and unemployment staying low. Looking at the two-month period, employment performance has been healthy—above the metro’s long-run average.

    March 27, 2019

  • Surveys

    Dallas Fed Energy Survey

    Energy sector activity grew modestly in first quarter 2019, according to oil and gas executives responding to the Dallas Fed Energy Survey.

    March 27, 2019

  • How Much Do Movers Move Average Wage Growth?

    Data from the Current Population Survey, a household survey used to compute the unemployment rate, do not include individuals who change residences. If it could include movers, our previous estimate of 2018 average individual wage growth would increase from 5.0 percent to 5.5 percent or higher.

    March 26, 2019

  • Texas Economy

    Texas Service Sector Activity Decelerates

    Texas service sector activity growth softened in March, according to business executives responding to the Texas Service Sector Outlook Survey.

    March 26, 2019

  • Texas Economic Indicators

    Texas economic indicators pointed to moderate economic growth in February. Job growth was near its long-run average, and unemployment remained low.

    March 25, 2019

  • Texas Economy

    Texas Manufacturing Outlook Survey

    Texas factory activity continued to expand in March, according to business executives responding to the Texas Manufacturing Outlook Survey.

    March 25, 2019

  • Southwest Economy, First Quarter 2019

    Position as Top Exporting State Exposes Texas to Shifting Trade Policy

    As the nation's No. 1 exporting state, Texas faces challenges from shifting trade policies, which tend to erode the cost advantages that benefit the state's leading sectors globally.

    March 22, 2019

  • Southwest Economy, First Quarter 2019

    Snapshot: Economy Booms in Midland–Odessa

    The Permian Basin economy, at the heart of U.S. oil production, has boomed as oil output expanded.

    March 22, 2019

  • Texas Economy

    Texas Employment Forecast

    Incorporating February job growth of 1.8 percent and a second consecutive increase in the leading index, the Texas Employment Forecast suggests jobs will grow 1.5 percent this year (December/December), with an 80 percent confidence band of 0.2 to 2.8 percent.

    March 22, 2019

  • Permian Basin Economic Indicators

    Production growth in the Permian Basin continued to rise even as the rig count fell. The gap in prices between West Texas Intermediate (WTI)–Midland and WTI–Cushing closed as transportation constraints eased.

    March 22, 2019

  • Houston Economic Indicators

    Growth in employment and the business-cycle index slowed for Houston at the start of the year. Leading indicators were mixed but largely painted a softer outlook for 2019.

    March 19, 2019

  • San Antonio Economic Indicators

    The San Antonio economy grew at a steady pace in January. Although the unemployment rate ticked up, the San Antonio Business-Cycle Index continued to expand at a rate slightly above trend.

    March 18, 2019

  • Austin Economic Indicators

    The Austin economy saw mixed performance in January. The Austin Business-Cycle Index decelerated and remained below its long-term trend.

    March 15, 2019

  • Dallas-Fort Worth Economic Indicators

    The Dallas–Fort Worth economy continued its expansion in January. Job growth was moderate, and the Dallas Business-Cycle Index rose. However, the Fort Worth Business-Cycle Index fell following robust growth in 2018.

    March 14, 2019

  • Texas Economic Indicators

    Texas economic indicators improved in January. The state posted solid job growth that was broad based across metros but mixed among sectors. Growth in the business-cycle index continued to decelerate but remained above its long-term trend.

    March 11, 2019

  • Globalization Institute Working Paper

    Foreign Exchange Reserves as a Tool for Capital Account Management

    In this paper we construct a small open economy model where the central bank can engage in sterilized foreign exchange intervention.

    March 08, 2019

  • Texas Economy

    Texas Employment Forecast

    Incorporating January job growth of 2.6 percent and a rebound in the leading index, the Texas Employment Forecast suggests jobs will grow 1.5 percent this year (December/December), with an 80 percent confidence band of 0.1 to 2.9 percent.

    March 08, 2019

  • El Paso Economic Indicators

    Trade through the port is unchanged, while maquiladora employment picked up in late 2018. Home sales have slowed, but home affordability remains above average in El Paso. Despite the strong dollar, El Paso retail sales were steady in second quarter 2018.

    March 07, 2019

  • Global Perspectives: Richard Clarida on U.S. Monetary Policy

    Federal Reserve Vice Chairman Richard Clarida discusses a range of topics, including the challenges facing monetary policymakers, the U.S. fiscal situation and the global role of the dollar.

    March 07, 2019

  • Reports on Regional Economic Activity

    Eleventh District Beige Book

    The Eleventh District economy expanded at a moderate pace. Activity in the manufacturing, housing, and nonfinancial services sectors improved. Loan volumes ticked up, and retail sales grew modestly.

    March 06, 2019

  • Energy Indicators

    OPEC production cuts and U.S. sanctions on Venezuela have helped global oil prices partly recover from 2018 declines this year, and increased pipeline capacity is lifting West Texas Intermediate (WTI) prices in Midland.

    March 05, 2019

  • Corporate Debt as a Potential Amplifier in a Slowdown

    In his latest essay, posted on Dallas Fed Economics, President Rob Kaplan focuses on trends in corporate debt growth and credit quality in the U.S. and discusses potential implications for economic conditions and financial stability.

    March 05, 2019

  • Research Department Working Papers

    The Dynamic Effects of Personal and Corporate Income Tax Changes in the United States: Reply to Jentsch and Lunsford

    When focusing on the relevant impulse responses, the evidence for economic and statistically significant macroeconomic effects of tax changes in Mertens and Ravn (2013) remains present for a range of asymptotically valid inference methods.

    March 04, 2019

  • Trimmed Mean PCE Inflation Rate

    Behind the Numbers: PCE Inflation Update, December 2018

    The headline, or all-items, PCE price index rose 0.7 percent at an annualized rate in December following a 0.6 percent annualized increase a month earlier.

    March 01, 2019

  • Permian Basin Economic Indicators

    Production in the Permian Basin continues to grow even as the rig count remains steady. Permian Basin wages were well above the Texas average in December. The tight housing market has led to strong home-price appreciation.

    March 01, 2019

  • Global Perspectives: John Hess on U.S. Oil Reserves, Climate Change

    Few sectors of the U.S. economy have undergone as radical a transformation in recent years as the energy sector, and few loom as large in the economic fortunes of Texas and the Eleventh District.

    February 28, 2019

  • Southern New Mexico Economic Indicators

    New Mexico posted robust job gains in 2018, while Las Cruces payrolls grew slightly. Home sales posted solid increases in both Las Cruces and the state.

    February 27, 2019

  • Texas Economy

    Texas Service Sector Activity Expands at Accelerated Pace

    Texas service sector activity accelerated in February, according to business executives responding to the Texas Service Sector Outlook Survey.

    February 26, 2019

  • Is Wage Growth Higher than We Think?

    There is always widespread interest in the degree to which the U.S. labor market generates higher pay for workers. A standard measure of wage growth suggests that this expansion is not improving the standard of living of workers, but our analysis reveals that actual wage growth is understated.

    February 26, 2019

  • Texas Economy

    Texas Manufacturing Outlook Survey

    Texas factory activity continued to expand in February, according to business executives responding to the Texas Manufacturing Outlook Survey.

    February 25, 2019

  • Not Everything Is Bigger in Texas: The Varied Fortunes of Four Smaller Metros

    While Texas’ major metropolitan areas power the bulk of the state’s commercial activity, some smaller metros have worked to establish their place as part of the state’s economic mosaic.

    February 21, 2019

  • Research Department Working Papers

    The Zero Lower Bound and Estimation Accuracy

    During the Great Recession, many central banks lowered their policy rate to its zero lower bound, creating a kink in the policy rule and calling into question linear estimation methods.

    February 19, 2019

  • Changes in Labor Force Participation Help Explain Recent Job Gains

    The U.S. labor force participation rate declined following the Great Recession to a low of 62.3 percent in 2015.

    February 19, 2019

  • Dallas Fed Energy Survey Suggests Oil Price Drop Won’t Cause Sector Collapse in 2019

    Following a banner year in 2018, will U.S. oil producers retrench and reduce capital spending after the recent double-digit oil price decline? The latest Dallas Fed Energy Survey provides some clues about what may be next.

    February 14, 2019

  • Research Department Working Papers

    Closer to One Great Pool? Evidence from Structural Breaks in Oil Price Differentials

    We show that the oil market has become closer to “one great pool,” in the sense that price differentials between crude oils of different qualities have generally become smaller over time.

    February 13, 2019

  • Inverted Yield Curve (Nearly Always) Signals Tight Monetary Policy, Rising Unemployment

    With long-term interest rates falling and short-term rates rising, there has been increasing talk of a possible yield-curve inversion and speculation about what an inversion might mean for the U.S. economy.

    February 12, 2019

  • Mexico Economic Update

    Mexico's Output Growth Slows in the Fourth Quarter

    Mexico’s economy grew an annualized 1.2 percent in fourth quarter 2018 after expanding 3.4 percent in the third quarter.

    February 08, 2019

  • Austin Economic Indicators

    The Austin economy expanded at a healthy pace in December. The Austin Business-Cycle Index accelerated and remained above its long-term trend.

    February 07, 2019

  • Global Perspectives: Maya MacGuineas on Stabilizing the Federal Debt

    A good measure of a nation’s ability to repay its obligations is the ratio of the stock of indebtedness to the flow of output produced in a given year. In recent years, this ratio has increased for the U.S. government, raising new questions about how the nation manages a debt burden that is approaching an all-time high.

    February 07, 2019

  • Energy Indicators

    Crude oil prices rebounded somewhat in January from end-of-year levels, but the rig count slipped on earlier price declines.

    February 05, 2019

  • Essay by President Robert S. Kaplan

    The Neutral Rate of Interest

    This essay explores a number of the key issues associated with using the neutral rate concept in formulating monetary policy.

    February 05, 2019

  • The Value of Patience

    In his latest essay, posted on Dallas Fed Economics, President Rob Kaplan provides his assessment of current economic conditions and implications for monetary policy.

    February 05, 2019

  • Welcome to Dallas Fed Economics

    We welcome you to our new endeavor--Dallas Fed Economics. We are starting it to expand our engagement with the public on important economic issues. Dallas Fed Economics will feature posts on a wide range of topics of policy interest.

    February 04, 2019

  • Texas Economic Update

    Growth in Texas Economy Downshifts

    The Texas economy experienced another downshift in growth over the last two months, although the level of activity remains strong.

    February 01, 2019

  • Notice

    Trimmed Mean PCE Inflation Rate Delayed

    The Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas’ Trimmed Mean PCE inflation rate, scheduled for release January 31, will be delayed due to the recent partial federal government shutdown.

    January 30, 2019

  • Permian Basin Economic Indicators

    In 2018, Permian Basin employment grew 7.5 percent, well above Texas' job growth of 2.4 percent. However, area job growth fell in the last quarter, and the unemployment rate inched up to 2.5 percent in December.

    January 30, 2019

  • Texas Economy

    Texas Service Sector Activity Picks Up

    Texas service sector activity grew at a faster pace in January, according to business executives responding to the Texas Service Sector Outlook Survey.

    January 29, 2019

  • Houston Economic Indicators

    Growth in Houston leading and coincident economic indicators weakened in December. Job growth slowed, but the local labor force expanded.

    January 28, 2019

  • Texas Economy

    Texas Manufacturing Outlook Survey

    Texas factory activity continued to expand in January, according to business executives responding to the Texas Manufacturing Outlook Survey.

    January 28, 2019

  • El Paso Economic Indicators

    El Paso jobs grew 1.5 percent in 2018, on pace with the metro’s long-term average. Steady job gains have boosted the business-cycle index.

    January 25, 2019

  • San Antonio Economic Indicators

    Growth in the San Antonio economy was soft in December. The San Antonio Business-Cycle Index decelerated, and the unemployment rate increased.

    January 24, 2019

  • Dallas-Fort Worth Economic Indicators

    The Dallas–Fort Worth economy ended 2018 on a solid note. Employment growth was robust in December, with DFW adding jobs at its fastest pace in 13 months, and unemployment remained near multiyear lows.

    January 24, 2019

  • Texas Economic Indicators

    Texas economic indicators were mixed in December. The state finished 2018 with strong job growth and continued labor market tightness, but forward-looking indicators suggest that the state’s economic outlook has softened.

    January 22, 2019

  • Texas Economy

    Texas Employment Forecast

    Incorporating December job growth of 2.5 percent and a decline in the Texas Leading Index, the Texas Employment Forecast suggests jobs will grow 1.1 percent this year (December/December), with an 80 percent confidence band of -0.5 to 2.7 percent.

    January 18, 2019

  • Energy Indicators

    Oil sector growth cooled at the end of 2018, and lower oil prices eroded expectations for capital spending in 2019.

    January 17, 2019

  • Reports on Regional Economic Activity

    Eleventh District Beige Book

    While economic activity remained healthy, growth abated to a more modest pace. A broad-based deceleration was seen across manufacturing, services, retail, and energy. Hiring continued, and widespread labor shortages further elevated wages.

    January 16, 2019

  • News Releases

    Greg Armstrong of Houston Named Chair of Dallas Fed Board; Mary Kipp of El Paso Named Deputy Chair

    The Federal Reserve Board of Governors has appointed Greg L. Armstrong as chair and Mary E. Kipp as deputy chair of the Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas board of directors for 2019.

    January 14, 2019

  • Globalization Institute Working Paper

    Identifying Global and National Output and Fiscal Policy Shocks Using a GVAR

    This paper contributes to the growing Global VAR (GVAR) literature by showing how global and national shocks can be identified within a GVAR framework.

    January 11, 2019

  • Austin Economic Indicators

    The Austin economy grew at a strong pace in November. The Austin Business-Cycle Index expanded and remained above its long-term trend.

    January 10, 2019

  • Houston Economic Indicators

    Houston employment and the business-cycle index continue to register healthy growth, and drilling activity has flattened at a high level.

    January 09, 2019

  • In Memoriam: Herb Kelleher

    We are deeply saddened by the passing of our dear friend and colleague, Herb Kelleher. Herb was the former chairman of the board of the Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas as well as the co-founder, former chief executive officer and executive chairman of Southwest Airlines.

    January 04, 2019

  • San Antonio Economic Indicators

    Growth in the San Antonio economy was moderate in November. The San Antonio Business-Cycle Index continued to accelerate, and the unemployment rate was unchanged.

    January 04, 2019

  • El Paso Economic Indicators

    El Paso payrolls fell in November, but year-to-date employment growth remains near its long-term average of 1.5 percent.

    January 03, 2019

  • Surveys

    Dallas Fed Energy Survey

    Growth in energy sector activity slowed significantly in fourth quarter 2018, according to oil and gas executives responding to the Dallas Fed Energy Survey.

    January 03, 2019

  • Regional Economy

    Agricultural Survey

    Bankers responding to the fourth-quarter survey reported improved conditions across most regions of the Eleventh District.

    January 02, 2019

  • Texas Economy

    Texas Service Sector Activity Decelerates

    Texas service sector activity grew at a slower pace in December, according to business executives responding to the Texas Service Sector Outlook Survey.

    January 02, 2019

  • Notice on Government Shutdown

    Federal Reserve Banks do not receive federal appropriations and, thus, are not affected by the government shutdown. The Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas is following normal operating hours.

    December 31, 2018

  • Dallas-Fort Worth Economic Indicators

    The Dallas–Fort Worth economy expanded at a modest pace. Employment growth was subdued in November, with DFW adding jobs at the slowest pace in seven months.

    December 31, 2018

  • Texas Economy

    Texas Manufacturing Outlook Survey

    Texas factory activity continued to expand rather modestly in December, according to business executives responding to the Texas Manufacturing Outlook Survey.

    December 31, 2018

  • Research Department Working Papers

    Argentina’s “Missing Capital” Puzzle and Limited Commitment Constraints

    Capital accumulation in Argentina was slow in the 1990s, despite high total factor productivity (TFP) growth and low international interest rates.

    December 28, 2018

  • Permian Basin Economic Indicators

    The Permian Basin economy remains robust despite the recent large drop in oil prices. Though employment has fallen slightly over the past three months, the Permian’s labor market continues to be tight.

    December 28, 2018

  • Texas Economic Indicators

    Texas economic growth moderated in November. The state added jobs at a softer pace, with employment declining in some metros and industries.

    December 27, 2018

  • Texas Economic Update

    Healthy Texas Expansion Beginning to Slow

    The Texas economy continues to grow at a solid but slightly slower pace, with job growth broad based across industries and regions.

    December 26, 2018

  • Research Publications

    Targeted Search in Matching Markets

    We propose a parsimonious matching model where people's choice of whom to meet endogenizes the degree of randomness in matching.

    December 24, 2018

  • U.S. Economic Update

    U.S. Economy Finishes the Year Strong

    The U.S. economy continued its expansion in the fourth quarter, fueled in part by strong consumption and rising wage growth. Inflation remained at or around the Federal Reserve’s 2 percent target.

    December 24, 2018

  • Mexico Economic Update

    Mexico's 2019 Growth Outlook Revised Down

    Mexico’s economy has grown 2.4 percent this year through the third quarter.

    December 24, 2018

  • Trimmed Mean PCE Inflation Rate

    Behind the Numbers: PCE Inflation Update, November 2018

    The headline, or all-items, PCE price index rose 0.7 percent at an annualized rate in November, following a 2.4 percent annualized increase a month earlier.

    December 21, 2018

  • Texas Economy

    Texas Employment Forecast

    Incorporating a downward revision to second quarter job growth, November job growth of 1.4 percent and a decline in the leading index, the Texas Employment Forecast suggests jobs will grow 2.4 percent this year (December/December).

    December 21, 2018

  • Southwest Economy, Fourth Quarter 2018

    Texas Top-Ranked State for Firm Relocations

    Texas is the leading destination for companies relocating from other states. The economic benefits of the moves may be best measured in terms of the ancillary activity generated rather than the benefits directly attributable to the relocations.

    December 20, 2018

  • Community Development Publication

    Promising Telehealth Initiatives Highlight the Need to Close Digital Divide

    These five case studies examine how access to telehealth can address health disparities in underserved urban and rural communities.

    December 14, 2018

  • Community Development Publication

    Small Business Credit Survey: 2018 Report on Employer Firms in Texas

    Drawing on a national survey of small business owners, this report examines financial conditions and credit needs of employer firms in Texas.

    December 14, 2018

  • At the Heart of Texas: Cities’ Industry Clusters Drive Growth 

    The second edition of this special report is a comprehensive look at the industry clusters, history and demographics shaping 12 of Texas' metropolitan areas, four of which are new to the report.

    December 12, 2018

  • Economic Letter, Vol. 13, No. 10

    Labor Market Not Overly Tight, Demographically Adjusted Measure Shows

    Elevated inflation traditionally accompanies prolonged low unemployment rates, such as those currently observed in the U.S. However, price pressures have remained comparatively restrained, prompting further examination.

    December 07, 2018

  • Economic Letter, Vol. 13, No. 9

    Reserve Adequacy Explains Emerging-Market Sensitivity to U.S. Monetary Policy

    Emerging economies that borrow in U.S. dollars are sensitive to U.S. monetary policy due to changing exchange rates.

    December 07, 2018

  • Energy Indicators

    Oil prices tumbled in November due to the United States' Iran policy, surging U.S. production, rising inventories and concerns about the global demand outlook.

    December 07, 2018

  • Austin Economic Indicators

    The Austin economy expanded at a strong pace in October. The Austin Business-Cycle Index accelerated and continued above its long-term trend.

    December 06, 2018

  • Reports on Regional Economic Activity

    Eleventh District Beige Book

    Growth in economic activity slowed to a moderate pace. A broad-based softening was seen in manufacturing, retail, and housing. Drilling activity increased. Hiring continued, and widespread labor shortages pushed up wages.

    December 05, 2018

  • Southern New Mexico Economic Indicators

    New Mexico employment is steadily expanding, while Las Cruces jobs remained stagnant in the third quarter and year to date. Gross domestic product (GDP) for the Las Cruces metro posted slower growth in 2017 than in previous years.

    December 03, 2018

  • El Paso Economic Indicators

    El Paso's economy continued to expand in October. Existing-home sales remained near all-time highs, while home-price appreciation was moderate.

    November 29, 2018

  • Trimmed Mean PCE Inflation Rate

    Behind the Numbers: PCE Inflation Update, October 2018

    The headline, or all-items, PCE price index rose 2.2 percent at an annualized rate in October, following a 1.5 percent annualized increase a month earlier.

    November 29, 2018

  • Houston Economic Indicators

    The outlook for Houston softened as leading indicators broadly slowed over the past three months. Revisions to data show that 2018 Houston employment growth has been healthy but not as strong as early estimates suggested.

    November 28, 2018

  • Texas Economy

    Texas Service Sector Activity Accelerates Slightly

    Texas service sector activity grew at a faster pace in November, according to business executives responding to the Texas Service Sector Outlook Survey.

    November 27, 2018

  • Texas Economy

    Texas Manufacturing Outlook Survey

    Texas factory activity continued to expand in November, albeit at a markedly slower pace, according to business executives responding to the Texas Manufacturing Outlook Survey.

    November 26, 2018

  • Permian Basin Economic Indicators

    The Permian Basin economy remains robust, reaching highs in production, employment and home prices. However, there are signs of moderation.

    November 21, 2018

  • Globalization Institute Working Paper

    Does a Big Bazooka Matter? Central Bank Balance-Sheet Policies and Exchange Rates

    We estimate the effects of quantitative easing (QE) measures by the ECB and the Federal Reserve on the US dollar-euro exchange rate at frequencies and horizons relevant for policymakers.

    November 20, 2018

  • San Antonio Economic Indicators

    Growth in the San Antonio economy remained soft in October. The San Antonio Business-Cycle index accelerated, though growth continued to be below its long-term average.

    November 20, 2018

  • Research Department Working Papers

    Inflation and the Gig Economy: Have the Rise of Online Retailing and Self-Employment Disrupted the Phillips Curve?

    By omitting important structural changes in both goods and labor markets, conventional Phillips Curve models have failed to track how the rise of online retailing has flattened the Phillips Curve and how the rise of the gig economy (self-employment) has lowered the natural rate of unemployment.

    November 20, 2018

  • Dallas-Fort Worth Economic Indicators

    Growth in Dallas-Fort Worth remained widespread and brisk, with the metro area adding 9,500 jobs. Unemployment fell, and the Dallas and Fort Worth business-cycle indexes posted solid and above-trend growth.

    November 20, 2018

  • Globalization Institute Working Paper

    Mean Group Estimation in Presence of Weakly Cross-Correlated Estimators

    This paper extends the mean group estimator for random coefficient panel data models by allowing the underlying individual estimators to be weakly cross-correlated.

    November 19, 2018

  • Texas Economic Indicators

    Texas economic growth remained healthy in October. The state added jobs at a strong pace, with the expansion widespread across metros and most industries.

    November 19, 2018

  • Research Department Working Papers

    Rationally Inattentive Consumer: An Experiment

    This paper presents a laboratory experiment that directly tests the theoretical predictions of consumption choices under rational inattention.

    November 19, 2018

  • Mexico Economic Update

    Mexico's Economy Posts Strong Third-Quarter Growth

    Mexico's economic output recovered sharply in the third quarter, rising an annualized 3.6 percent after contracting in the second quarter. The consensus growth forecast for 2018 held steady in October at 2.1 percent.

    November 19, 2018

  • Globalization Institute Working Paper

    Capital Accumulation and Dynamic Gains from Trade

    We compute welfare gains from trade in a dynamic, multicountry model with capital accumulation and trade imbalances.

    November 16, 2018

  • Community Development Publications

    Preparing Workers for the Expanding Digital Economy

    This book chapter explores how digital inclusion increases access to jobs, economic opportunity and upward mobility.

    November 16, 2018

  • Texas Economy

    Texas Employment Forecast

    Incorporating October employment growth of 2.7 percent, an upward revision of job growth in September and a slight decline in the leading index, the Texas Employment Forecast suggests jobs will grow 2.9 percent this year (December/December)

    November 16, 2018

  • International Economic Update

    Global Economy Continues to Grow amid Downside Risks

    Global economic growth remains solid, although the pace is moderating as significant downside risks remain for both advanced and emerging economies.

    November 14, 2018

  • Texas Economic Update

    Texas Economy Continues Expansion but Shows Signs of Cooling

    Texas economic growth remains robust but is showing signs of moderating. While many major Texas metros saw employment gains in the third quarter, state job growth was slower compared with the first half of the year.

    November 14, 2018

  • Trimmed Mean PCE Inflation Rate

    Behind the Numbers: PCE Inflation Update, September 2018

    The headline, or all-items, PCE price index rose 1.5 percent at an annualized rate in September, following a 1.3 percent annualized increase a month earlier.

    November 13, 2018

  • U.S. Economic Update

    U.S. Expansion Remains on Solid Footing

    The U.S. economy has now expanded for 112 consecutive months, the second-longest stretch on record, and recent data point to continued growth due to strong consumer spending, robust employment growth and elevated business and consumer confidence.

    November 13, 2018

  • Austin Economic Indicators

    The Austin economy expanded at a strong pace in September. The Austin Business-Cycle Index accelerated and continued above its long-term trend.

    November 02, 2018

  • Houston Economic Indicators

    Houston economic conditions remain mostly positive, as does the overall outlook for the area. The business-cycle index continues to exhibit strong growth, and the Houston Leading Index is accelerating.

    October 31, 2018

  • Texas Economy

    Texas Service Sector Activity Expands at a Slower Pace

    Texas service sector activity continued to grow in October, according to business executives responding to the Texas Service Sector Outlook Survey.

    October 30, 2018

  • Texas Economy

    Texas Manufacturing Outlook Survey

    Texas factory activity continued to expand in October, albeit at a slower pace, according to business executives responding to the Texas Manufacturing Outlook Survey.

    October 29, 2018

  • San Antonio Economic Indicators

    Growth in the San Antonio economy remained mild in September. The San Antonio Business-Cycle Index accelerated while remaining below its long-term average.

    October 26, 2018

  • Globalization Institute Working Paper

    Structural Change and Global Trade

    Services, which are less traded than goods, rose from 58 percent of world expenditure in 1970 to 79 percent in 2015. In a trade model featuring nonhomothetic preferences and input-output linkages, we find that such structural change has restrained the growth in world trade to GDP by 16 percentage points over this period.

    October 26, 2018

  • Globalization Institute Working Paper

    Modeling Time-Variation Over the Business Cycle (1960-2017): An International Perspective

    This paper explores the relationship between greater trade openness (globalization) and the observed shifts in international business cycles.

    October 25, 2018

  • El Paso Economic Indicators

    Growth in El Paso remains broad based, with the metro area adding jobs at a 3.3 percent annualized rate in September. Home sales are at an all-time high, while home price appreciation is moderate.

    October 25, 2018

  • Dallas-Fort Worth Economic Indicators

    Dallas–Fort Worth economic growth moderated in September. Payroll employment expanded at a slower pace in the third quarter than the second.

    October 24, 2018

  • Reports on Regional Economic Activity

    Eleventh District Beige Book

    Economic activity expanded at a solid pace. Healthy growth continued in manufacturing, retail and nonfinancial services. Loan demand increased further while home sales were flat. Capacity constraints restrained growth in the energy sector.

    October 24, 2018